Witch Hunts in Europe and America: An Encyclopedia by William E. Burns

By William E. Burns

From early sorcery trials of the 14th century―associated basically with French and Papal courts―to the witch executions of the past due 18th century, this book's entries hide witch-hunting in person nations, significant witch trials from Chelmsford, England, to Salem, Massachusetts, and critical participants from recognized witches to the religious persecutors. Entries equivalent to the evil eye, familiars, and witch-finders hide particular elements of the witch-hunting procedure, whereas entries on writers and sleek interpretations supply perception into the present pondering on early sleek witch hunts.

From the depraved witch of kid's tales to Halloween and present-day Wiccan teams, witches and witchcraft nonetheless fascinate observers of Western tradition. Witches have been believed to impact climatological catastrophes, placed spells on their acquaintances, and cavort with the satan. In early smooth Europe and the Americas, witches and witch-hunting have been a vital part of way of life, touching significant occasions similar to the Reformation and the medical Revolution, in addition to politics, legislations, medication, and culture.

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1644 The first recorded weighing of a witch suspect takes place at Oudewater in the northern Netherlands. 1645-1646 Matthew Hopkins's East Anglian witch-hunt is the largest in English history, with about two hundred executions. 1647 Johann Philipp von Schonborn becomes elector and archbishop of Mainz and issues a decree against witchhunts in the electoral territories. Alice Young of Windsor, Connecticut, is executed; it is the first execution of a witch recorded in the English colonies in America.

Jean Bodin and Martin del Rio, among other demonologists, attacked Agrippa as a magician. Agrippa's pupil, the witch-hunting opponent Johann Weyer, defended his old master's good name in his On the Tricks of Demons by claiming, correctly, that Agrippa had not in fact authored the fourth book. Weyer's opposition to witch-hunting could have originated from Agrippa's teaching, for the magician claimed that most accused witches were merely deluded old women. Agrippa put his beliefs into effect in 1519, when he was serving the imperial city of Metz as its town orator.

ARRAS WITCH-HUNT T h e first large-scale w i t c h - h u n t , A witch rides through the starlit sky on her goat carrying a child as Opposed t o t h e p e r s e c u t i o n of s n e n a s s t ° k n from its mother. Illustration from Collin de Plancy, Single w i t c h e s or small groups, in a n Dictio™™ Memal, 1863. © Mary Evans Picture Library. u r b a n c o m m u n i t y was in the F r e n c h city of A r r a s in 1459. A single w i t c h w h o h a d b e e n s e n t e n c e d t o be b u r n e d n a m e d o t h e r p e o p l e h e h a d seen at t h e sabbat.

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