By International Institute of Administrative Sciences, United Nations Dept. of Economic and Social Affa
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Additional info for Turning World: Globalization and Governance at the Start of the 21st Century (International Institute of Administrative Science Monographs, 20)
Attention was centered on growth and on the activity of the so-called State-owned sectors. The - in some cases excessive growth of these sectors caused serious problems when coordinating central agencies and decentralized agencies, since at times the latter carried greater political weight than the former. This led to a significant effort to perfect controls, especially those related to budgetary resources. These changes were a part of programs identified as "administrative reform"; in the 1960's they had enormous impact.
The slogan is then to do more and better with fewer resources. The integration of administrative structures is redefined, as is the usefulness of public function, the profile of the officials, and actions in diverse contexts. As was stated above, traditional paradigms (such as the bureaucratic paradigm) are questioned, and administration and its members are the subject of debate among scholars and professionals alike. Many countries begin reform processes based on new, or at least renewed, conceptions: Chile is one good example.
The modernisation criterion becomes an element that allows a dynamic, as opposed to a linear, understanding of how administrations behave. From the moment Latin American countries redefined the State as no longer interventionist and populist, this led to a clear differentiation of its areas of competence. Thus, administrative aspects will tend to gain in autonomy and, as a result, also be more clearly defined. Positions will be assigned based on merit, and seniority will no longer be a deciding factor.