Mindful Inquiry in Social Research by Valerie Malhotra Bentz

By Valerie Malhotra Bentz

This cutting edge advent to investigate within the social sciences courses scholars and new researchers throughout the maze of analysis traditions, cultures of inquiry and epistemological frameworks. It introduces the underlying common sense of ten cultures of inquiry: ethnography; quantitative behavioral technological know-how; phenomenology; motion study; hermeneutics; evaluate examine; feminist learn; serious social technology; historical-comparative learn; and theoretical examine. It clarifies conceptual and highbrow traditions in study, and places researchers firmly within the investigative saddle - capable of decide upon, justify, and clarify the highbrow framework and private purpose in their study.

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What are the From Positivism to Postmodernity 35 assumptions about knowledge that your methods and techniques assume? How do you personally distinguish between scientific or scholarly knowledge and other kinds of knowledge? What are your criteria? ■ i Conclusion We have discussed how all research takes place in a historical situation, which allows some aspects of a situation to come to light but which conceals others. Currently, the social researcher is at a historical turning point at which positivism and its modernist assumptions are challenged.

3. In seeing the world as a bunch of disconnected facts, positivism thinks about both facts and knowers or inquirers as having no context or history. The recent philosophy and sociology of science emphasize the extent to which knowing is always embedded in history and in cultural and social context. From this point of view, any approach to knowledge, whether it is natural-scientific or objectivistic or subjectivistic, can be positivistic if it does not look at the broader history and context in which knowledge is generated.

Ethics, values, and politics have no rational basis, on the grounds that they are not scientific. Rationality can exist only in the realm of science and not in the ethical or practical realm, which is seen as the expression of irrational or nonrational emotion, will, instinct, or arbitrary decision making. 5. Human and social progress are interpreted in terms of scientific progress. Here positivism has not only tended to regard the advancement of science as the key motor of human and social progress, it has defined human and social progress in terms of scientific progress, on the grounds that there are no rational nonscientific criteria of progress.

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