By John H. Rosser
The Byzantine Empire is frequently missed via Western students as an off-shoot of Greco-Roman culture, an japanese empire of little value to Western ecu culture. yet Byzantium was once relatively the one real eu empire of the center a long time, the continuation of the Roman Empire within the East, lengthy after the sacking of Rome by way of the Vandals. it all started in 324 with the founding of Constantinople through the Christian emperor Constantine I. This urban turned the seat of the japanese empire and the house and protector of Orthodox Christianity. It resulted in 1453 with the conquest of Constantinople via the Ottoman Turks. Byzantium left a permanent legacy via its artwork, within the Orthodox church buildings, and in its successor states equivalent to Russia, Greece, and Serbia. The Byzantine Empire, its beginnings, improvement, and fall are summarized in a chronology and defined within the creation. The dictionary then provides major humans (emperors, church leaders, generals, writers, etc.), occasions (wars, sieges, coups, councils and treaties) and significant cultural features corresponding to economics, paintings, and faith. a considerable bibliography is incorporated for extra reference in this vast empire.
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Additional info for Historical Dictionary of Byzantium
Had conferred upon him. AEGEAN SEA. ), interspersed with numerous islands and an indented coastline, the Aegean was crucial to the economic prosperity of Byzantium. ). ), supplied grain to Constantinople. ). ) seized around 828. ). ) made possible a Venetian colonial empire in the East. AETIOS. ). ). ), in favor of the view that the created Son was unlike God the Father, having a completely different essence, nature, even will. ), which he may have supported. AETIOS. See IRENE. AETIOS OF AMIDA.
He provisioned the capital, restored its walls, and launched a naval expedition to disrupt Muslim preparations. ) as a rival emperor. A six-month civil war ensued, which ended only when Anastasios voluntarily abdicated the throne and became a monk. ANATOLIA. See ASIA MINOR. ANATOLIKON. ). ). v) raids. ANAZARBOS. See RUBENIDS. ANCHIALOS • 21 ANCHIALOS. ) fought over by Byzantine and Bulgarian armies. ) ca. 770. ) in 1364. ) and Anchialos. ANCHORITE. ). ). ANCONA. ). ) in 551. ). ). ). One such merchant, Cyriacus of Ancona, wrote an account of his travels throughout Byzantine lands from 1412 to 1454.
Forced to return to his support of Iconoclasm, Anastasios was allowed to remain as patriarch until he died in 754. ANASTASIOS I. ). v). The choice proved to be a good one for the internal administration of the em- 20 • ANASTASIOS II pire. His new large follis, along with smaller coins of lesser value, corrected the previous poor quality of copper coins in circulation. ), which unduly burdened urban populations. At the same time he replaced local ofﬁcials with state-appointed tax collectors. These and other ﬁnancial reforms enhanced state revenues, so much so that upon Anastasios’s death the treasury held a surplus of 320,000 pounds of gold.