Garden History: Philosophy and Design 2000 BC – 2000 AD by Tom Turner

By Tom Turner

An up to date model of this e-book is now on hand as European Gardens (2011), additionally by way of Tom Turner.  increasing into different areas are Asian Gardens (2010) and the drawing close British Gardens, both additionally via Turner and released by way of Routledge.

Tom Turner, recognized instructor and author in panorama structure, backyard layout and backyard historical past the following explores greater than one hundred fifty gardens over 4 millennia of Western backyard layout. He considers the why, the what, the how and the the place of backyard layout by means of tracing the advance of gardens via historical past and throughout social, political and philosophical limitations. absolutely illustrated all through, every one bankruptcy severely examines a specific kind of backyard either as a part of a much wider socio-political context and as a cultured entity, asking how the layout of every backyard displays the philosophical process of its author. Inspirational, reflective and informative, this e-book brings jointly wisdom and figuring out from a various diversity of similar pursuits so as to add intensity and breadth to a desirable topic.

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Garden History: Philosophy and Design 2000 BC – 2000 AD

An up to date model of this publication is now on hand as eu Gardens (2011), additionally through Tom Turner.  increasing into different areas are Asian Gardens (2010) and the approaching British Gardens, either additionally via Turner and released through Routledge. Tom Turner, famous instructor and author in panorama structure, backyard layout and backyard historical past right here explores greater than a hundred and fifty gardens over 4 millennia of Western backyard layout.

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P. 54. 18——, op. , p. 53. 19——, op. , p. 136. , The Fire and the Sun: Why Plato banished the artists, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1977. 21 Plato, Republic, Book X (transl. Benjamin Jowett). 22 Pliny, Natural History XXXV, 64. , Gothic Architecture and Scholasticism, London: Thames & Hudson, 1957, pp. 44–5. , Architectural Principles in the Age of Humanism, London: Academy Editions, 1962, pp. 22–32. , The Great Chain of Being, New York: Harper, 1965, p. 24. , Essay on Criticism, London, 1711. 27——‘On gardens’, The Guardian, London, 1713.

The association of gardens with perfection is found in Judaism, Christianity and Islam. 24 Egyptian temples were planned in relation to the path of the sun and the course of the Nile, helping to explain the nature of the world The temple enclosures of Egypt and Mesopotamia are the oldest surviving examples of spiritual outdoor space. They were planned in relation to the path of the sun, flood plains and other significant astronomical and geographical considerations. This helped people understand the nature of the world, the social structures which maintain order, and humankind’s place in the firmament.

15 Temple and tomb gardens Origins The oldest religious site in Egypt is the stone circle at Nabta Playa (c. 4500 BC),16 which appears to have been used for astronomical observations. It may also have had a religious role. 17. It was an enclosure containing a paved floor and a flagpole. Settled societies require cohesive beliefs and customs to maintain order. In Egypt this was provided by an integrated system of religion, government, laws and defence. Cities allowed protection and communication.

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