By K. Buschow
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Extra info for Concise Encyclopedia of Magnetic and Superconducting Materials, Edition: 2nd ed
This so-called thermomagnetic treatment promotes the formation of anisotropic magnets in which the easy magnetization direction of the grains formed during the spinodal decomposition is parallel to the direction of the magnetic ﬁeld applied during cooling. The elongation of the particles in the ﬁeld direction originates from the decrease of the magnetic free energy of the particles when the axis with the lowest demagnetizing factor is along the direction of the applied ﬁeld. For an oriented single crystal, optimum properties would be obtained when the thermomagnetic ﬁeld is applied parallel to one of the /100S directions.
Grains ranges from about Tc ¼ 600–750 1C (depending on composition) and is considerably higher than the Tc of the amorphous matrix (200–400 1C). c. grains (Herzer 1994). c. grains. c. grains is comparable with that observed for conventional a-FeSi single crystals where the formation of the ﬁeld induced anisotropy has been proposed to arise from the directional ordering of silicon atom pairs. %: for completely ordered Fe3Si, the lattice sites for the iron and silicon atoms are entirely determined by chemical interactions, allowing no degree of freedom for an orientational order.
Proc. 6th Int. Conf. on Ferrites. Japan Society of Powder and Powder Metallurgy, Tokyo-Kyoto, Japan, pp. 1112–7 Horiishi N, Yamamoto S 1992 Ferrite powder for bonded magnets. ) Proc. 6th Int. Conf. on Ferrites. Japan Society of Powder and Powder Metallurgy, Tokyo-Kyoto, Japan, pp. 1041–5 Kojima H 1982 Fundamental properties of hexagonal ferrites with magnetoplumbic structure. ) Ferromagnetic Materials. North Holland, Amsterdam, Vol. 3, Chap. 5 Kools F 1986 Hard magnetic ferrites. ) Encyclopedia of Materials Science and Engineering.