Classical Sparta: Techniques Behind Her Success (Oklahoma by Anton Powell, Paul Cartledge

By Anton Powell, Paul Cartledge

This assortment, first released in 1989, investigates facets of the Spartan polity which have usually been ignored or underestimated. considered no less than until eventually the Renaissance because the epitome of classical virtues, Sparta has within the final centuries suffered a swift decline in acceptance between liberal-minded students, repelled via the various repressive measures hired via this remarkably winning city-state, which for hundreds of years ruled mainland Greece.

Recent reports have emphasized everlasting difficulties which beset Sparta: the small dimension of her citizen physique, the tensions among noble Spartiates and commoners, the ambiguous position of ladies, and, after all, the helots. Classical Sparta: recommendations at the back of Her good fortune seeks to provide this fascinating polis via exploring how its perennial problems have been, for thus lengthy, ingeniously conquer. particularly, the essays during this quantity handle themselves to commonly ideological concerns, demonstrating how skilful propaganda and deception contributed considerably to the durability of the Spartan kingdom.

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231; Ph. E. Legrand, Herodote, Histoires (Paris, Bude, 1951), p. 120, n. 1. In this case 'tresas' seems to have been only a nickname. 81. Hdt. 232. The introduction of this story by 'legetai' may indicate the historian's uncertainty concerning its factual accuracy. 82. Plut. Artax. 6-7. For the high vulnerability of the Spartans to mockery see also below. 83. Plut. Mor. 239C (36). For his identification with the conservative ephor of 405-404 BC, who opposed Lysander's friends over the issue of foreign capital, sec P.

Cartledge, Agtsilaos and tht crisis of Sparta (London, 1987), pp. 92, 145, 205, 288. For another story reflecting a similar mentality, cf. Alor. 234 A(34). For the 'three hundred' (hipjJtis}, see U. eozzoli, Proprieta fondiaria td estrcito nel/o stalo spartano 19 Laughter in Spartan Society dtll• ttil classica (Rome, 1973), pp. 84-97, with evidence; cf. MacDowell (above, n. 7), pp. 67-8. 26. See Xen. Lac. Pol. 4-6; cf. Brclich (above, n. 21), p. 122. 27. Plut. lye. 6 28. Ibid. 3. On the conservative and corrective facets of laughter, sec Bergson {above, n.

41 None the less the boys may not have consumed - or stolen - enough to account for the surplus. The helots may also have been substantial consumers: not only were they the cooks, carvers and waiters, 42 but some were also forced to attend as 'entertainment'. « This system may have served many purposes. ryssition the importance of avoiding drunken excesses. ryssitia at times; boys from other states attending the agoge may have received invitations, 46 and Spartiates could evidently entertain their foreign friends in their mess, and possibly elsewhere at festival time.

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