By Elliott Converse, Air University Press, Dennis M. Drew
In December 1942, slightly a 12 months after the USA had entered international struggle II, the yank army institution was once already making plans a postwar in another country base community. even though at first designed to aid a world police strength, the plans more and more assumed a countrywide personality because the Grand Alliance dissolved into the confrontations of the chilly conflict. Dr. communicate not just illustrates how military, military, and Air strength planners went approximately their paintings but additionally analyzes the various elements influencing the character, volume, and placement of the projected base approach. those incorporated specifications for postwar US actual and fiscal defense, swiftly altering know-how, interservice rivalries, civil-military conflicts, and reactions by way of different countries to the possibility of yankee bases close to or on their soil.
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Additional resources for Circling the Earth: United States Plans for a Postwar Overseas Military Base System, 1942-1948
4. S. 126 Although the area of American responsibility drawn up by the JSSC and approved by the JCS did not exactly correspond to any of the previous formal expressions of high-level military opinion on the subject, it had much in common with them, as it did with FDR’s “Four Policemen” concept. The JCS marked an area, bordered in blue on a Mercator projection map, in which the United States was to have exclusive military rights. S. ” It enclosed Alaska, the Philippines, the Japanese Mandated Islands, the American possessions in the Pacific (most of the Pacific south of the equator was omitted), the Galapagos Islands, Central America, and the Caribbean (excluding Mexico), and the 99-year-lease bases from Trinidad north to Newfoundland.
In 1943 the only postwar military operating privileges possessed by the United States were in the 99-yearlease bases obtained in the famous “destroyer-base” deal of March 1941 and on Canton and Enderbury Islands (located in the central Pacific just south of the equator) by virtue of a 50-year joint United States–Great Britain agreement signed in 1939. 113 The ATC planners pointed out, in fact, that ironclad wartime agreements were a foot in the door to postwar rights. S. S. 117 The Senate Special Committee to Investigate the National Defense Program, popularly known as the Truman Committee and watchdog over military expenditures during the war, was particularly enthusiastic about plans for such a skillful blending of military power and diplomacy.
12. See p. 15–16 this chapter and chap. 2, 77–82. 13. Memorandum for Brig Gen E. E. 86-15, USAF Historical Research Agency (AFHRA), Maxwell AFB, Ala. 14. , minutes, meetings of JPS subcommittee, 11 and 18 January 1943. For a copy of Col George F. 86-33B, vol. 1, 1943–1946. 15. , Brig Gen E. E. 86-15. 16. , enclosed in Brig Gen E. E. Partridge, memorandum for the Joint Staff Planners Sub-Committee (Arctic Bases), 19 January 1943. 17. , Notes on Conference, 25 January 1943. 18. , Capt M. B. Gardner, memorandum for Col Willard R.