Chemical Reactor Analysis and Design by Gilbert F. Froment by Gilbert F. Froment, Kenneth B. Bischoff, Juray De Wilde

By Gilbert F. Froment, Kenneth B. Bischoff, Juray De Wilde

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Extra info for Chemical Reactor Analysis and Design by Gilbert F. Froment (24-Sep-2010) Hardcover

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Another way of determining partial orders is to carry out a number of experiments in which all but one of the reactants are present in large excess. 1-5) The slope of the straight line in a log r versus log CA plot is a'. The same procedure is then applied to determine the other orders. In a batch reactor with uniform concentration, sets of data of the type used here are easily obtained. A well mixed reactor with constant feed and effluent is generally operated at steady state and only one conversion is measured for A.

In the chlorination of benzene. The main feature is the presence of the common reactant B. 3-2) There is no simple solution for this set of differential equations as a function of time. 3-3) This is precisely what was obtained for the simpler consecutive first order case. The common reactant, B, has no effect on the selectivities but causes a different time behavior. 1-3) 22 CHAPTER 1: ELEMENTS OF REACTION KINETICS reflecting that the intermediate Q is transformed practically as soon as it is formed.

3-8) Here, both A and Q must be present initially for the reaction to proceed. 2 RATE EQUATIONS 13 C0 = CA0 + CQ0. This is sometimes called a “growth curve”, since it represents a build-up followed by a depletion of the reacting species. 3-2 illustrate this. Autocatalytic reactions can occur in homogeneous catalytic and enzyme processes, although usually with different specific kinetics. 4 Kinetic Analysis With kinetics assumed to be of the mass action type, two main characteristics remain to be determined by the kinetic analysis: 1) the rate coefficient, k; 2) the reaction order, global a’ + b’ or partial a’ with respect to A, b’ with respect to B.

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