By Peter G. Danias MD, PhD (auth.)
Cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) has develop into a vital a part of noninvasive diagnostic cardiac imaging. a realistic advisor for Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance Imaging presents a entire and reader-friendly academic instrument for physicians commencing to paintings with CMR and cardiology and radiology trainees getting ready for the Board certification exam. beautiful to trainees, this article conveys instructing issues with a number of selection questions which are supported by means of concise reviews, supplying a whole rationalization of the right kind solution and pertinent up to date bibliography. situations tackle a vast spectrum of scientific difficulties, together with ischemic, valvular, myopathic, pericardial, aortic and congenital middle diseases.
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Extra resources for Cardiovascular MRI: 150 Multiple Choice Questions and Answers
Lastly, there is left ventricular dilation. These findings suggest the presence of severe congestive heart failure, also corroborated by the clinical information provided. Unilateral pathology would not explain the pathologic appearance of both lungs and the bilateral pleural effusions. No lung-related artifact is seen in this image. 3 Valvular Heart Disease 55 References 1. Didier D. Assessment of valve disease: qualitative and quantitative. Magn Reson Imaging Clin N Am, 2003;11(1):115–134, vii.
10 ml D. 5 ml E. There is no flow—the shunt is occluded 3 Valvular Heart Disease 47 Correct answer is B. The Blalock–Taussig shunt is a surgically created connection between the subclavian artery and pulmonary artery . The net blood flow to the aortic root equals to the net pulmonic flow plus the shunt flow. , 50 − 35 = 15 ml. 7. 9. With phase encoding CMR, which of the following statements is not correct? A. Aortic stenosis can be quantitatively assessed B. The difference between systolic and diastolic coronary artery flow is a reliable measure of atherosclerosis C.
The black arrow indicates the diastolic jet at the left ventricular outflow tract, suggesting some aortic regurgitation. The size of the jet does not imply the severity of the valvular insufficiency, because it largely depends on technical factors of the acquisition sequence (namely the echo time [TE]) . The open white arrows (B) indicate the susceptibility artifact (complete signal loss) that the metallic aortic valve causes. The signal void at the aortic root (white arrowhead) is caused by turbulent flow during the ventricular ejection phase, which invariably occurs with prosthetic aortic valves.