Body Structures and Functions by Ann Senisi Scott, Elizabeth Fong

By Ann Senisi Scott, Elizabeth Fong

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Combining state of the art assurance with a transparent and concise presentation, physique buildings and serve as, 13E introduces you to the fundamentals required for the learn of the human physique and the way it capabilities. It bargains a basic creation to existence capabilities, the clinical terminology, and phonetic pronunciation of phrases used to explain physique components and their destinations in addition to a radical total evaluate of human improvement and physique methods. illnesses and issues are built-in inside each one physique method bankruptcy to hyperlink body structure with anatomy. profession profiles provide you with an inside of examine the various healthiness care professions to be had this present day. furthermore, end-of-chapter questions and case reviews provide you with a pragmatic view of events you are going to face within the future health care box, whereas highlights and contours that emphasize scientific functions make studying enjoyable and fascinating.

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Compounds found in living things contain the element carbon. Elements Atoms that are alike combine to form the next stage of matter, which is an element. An element is a substance that can neither be created nor destroyed by ordinary chemical means. Elements can exist in more than one phase in our bodies. Our bones are solid and contain the element calcium. The air we take into our lungs contains the element oxygen, which is a gas. Our cells are bathed in fluids that contain the elements of hydrogen and oxygen.

This membrane is a double-layered structure that has openings (pores) at regular intervals. Materials can pass through these openings from either the nucleus to the cytoplasm (the material found between the nucleus and the plasma membrane) or the cytoplasm to the nucleus. The outer layer of the nuclear membrane is continuous with the endoplasmic reticulum of the cytoplasm and may have small round projections on it called ribosomes. © Cengage Learning 2014 Centrioles (“tiny centers”) 32 ChapTER 3 Cells Carbohydrate chains Phospholipid Nonpolar region of membrane protein Peripheral globular protein Figure 3-2 Integral protein chain The structure of a plasma (cell) membrane Nucleoplasm Nucleoplasm is a clear, semifluid medium that fills the spaces around the chromatin and the nucleoli within the nucleus.

The atom that took the extra electron will now have more electrons than protons and thus have a negative (2) charge. The positively or negatively charged particle is now called an ion. Ionically bonded atoms disassociate when immersed in water (H2O); an example is sodium chloride (Na1Cl2). 18 CHAPTER 2 Na Electrolytes Cl - _ Sodium ion Chloride ion © Cengage Learning 2014 Chlorine atom + Na + A third type of bond is the hydrogen bond. Hydrogen bonds are very weak bonds. They help hold water molecules together by forming a bridge between the negative oxygen atom of one water molecule and the positive hydrogen atoms of another water molecule.

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