Authorized to Heal: Gender, Class, and the Transformation of by Sandra Lee Barney

By Sandra Lee Barney

During this booklet, Sandra Barney examines the transformation of therapy in important Appalachia throughout the revolutionary period and analyzes the impact of girls volunteers in selling the reputation drugs within the quarter. by way of highlighting the severe function performed via nurses, clubwomen, girls' auxiliaries, and different lady constituencies in bringing glossy drugs to the mountains, she fills an important hole in gender and local background. Barney explores either the diversities that divided girls within the reform attempt and the typical flooring that hooked up them to each other and to the male physicians who profited from their voluntary job. Held jointly at the beginning by means of a shared target of enhancing the general public welfare, the coalition among girls volunteers and doctors started to fracture whilst the reform agendas of women's teams challenged physicians' sovereignty over the shape of future health care supply. through interpreting the professionalization of male scientific practitioners, the gendered nature of the crusade to advertise their authority, and their displacement of group healers, specially woman midwives, Barney uncovers the various tensions that advanced inside Appalachian society because the zone was once essentially reshaped throughout the period of business improvement.

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Extra resources for Authorized to Heal: Gender, Class, and the Transformation of Medicine in Appalachia, 1880-1930

Sample text

By accepting positions as company doctors, seeking employment in state-sponsored facilities such as Miners’ Hospital No. 1, and establishing private practices Bringing Modern Medicine to the Mountains 39 in growing communities, physicians who moved into Central Appalachia before the turn of the century sought to profit from the region’s new prosperity. Although determined to take advantage of the new commercial economy developing in the mountains, many physicians found their practices unstable and their economic futures uncertain.

I. M. Repass of southwestern Virginia wrote the dean about the $100 debt that he owed the college for a course he had completed in 1862. He explained that he had lost everything in the ‘‘late war’’ and that his medical practice did not provide him with enough income to fulfill his obligations. ’’≥≥ His sentiments were echoed by Dr. I. G. ’’≥∂ Drs. R. A. Atkins and T. M. Painter, who also attended the Medical College of Virginia, were pursued by the school in 1870 for financial obligations they had incurred in 1868.

In addition to the regional institutions, Je√erson Medical College was one of a number of other schools whose graduates practiced in the mountains of Appalachia before the expansion of the coal economy. Before the Civil War, physicians who claimed degrees from the University of Liverpool, the University of Pennsylvania, the UniverBringing Modern Medicine to the Mountains 21 sity of Maryland, Transylvania University, and the University of Virginia as well as Je√erson Medical College and regional schools such as the Kentucky School of Medicine provided health care to Appalachian mountaineers.

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