By Pieter Vermaas, Peter Kroes, Maarten Franssen, Ibo van de Poel, Wybo Houkes
In A Philosophy of know-how: From Technical Artefacts to Sociotechnical platforms, know-how is analysed from a sequence of alternative views. The research starts off through focussing at the so much tangible items of know-how, referred to as technical artefacts, after which builds step-wise in the direction of contemplating these artefacts inside their context of use, and finally as embedded in encompassing sociotechnical structures that still contain people as operators and social principles like laws. Philosophical characterisations are given of technical artefacts, their context of use and of sociotechnical platforms. Analyses are awarded of the way technical artefacts are designed in engineering and what forms of technological wisdom is fascinated by engineering. And the problem is taken into account how engineers and others can or can't impression the advance of know-how. those characterisations are complemented via moral analyses of the ethical prestige of technical artefacts and the chances and impossibilities for engineers to steer this prestige whilst designing artefacts and the sociotechnical structures within which artefacts are embedded. The operating instance within the booklet is aviation, the place aeroplanes are examples of technical artefacts and the realm aviation approach is an instance of a sociotechnical process. matters on the topic of the layout of quiet aeroplane engines and the reasons of aviation injuries are analysed for illustrating the ethical prestige of designing, and the function of engineers therein. desk of Contents: Technical Artefacts / Technical Designing / Ethics and Designing / Technological wisdom / Sociotechnical structures / The function of Social components in Technological improvement / Ethics and unintentional outcomes of know-how
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Extra info for A Philosophy of Technology: From Technical Artefacts to Sociotechnical Systems (Synthesis Lectures on Engineers, Technology, and Society)
This includes organisations like the National Society of Professional Engineers (NSPE), the American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE) and the American Society of Mechanical Engineering (ASME) in the United States, the European Federation of National Engineering Associations (FEANI) in Europe, and the Dutch association of engineers KIVI-NIRIA in the Netherlands. Such codes of conduct include, for instance, stipulations that relate to the proper exercising of the profession such as the need to avoid or else report possible conflicts of interest, not yielding to bribery, keeping abreast of technological advancements, treating others and other cultures with respect, mentioning sources and maintaining open forms of communication and cooperation.
Norms are prescriptions for action. They are usually more concrete than values; they are, in fact, often directed at the realising of values. One might, for example, associate the value of traffic safety with a whole range of norms such as ‘drive carefully’ and ‘give way to traffic from the right’. Norms can also be based on conventions. In the Netherlands, for instance, we have the convention that traffic coming from the right and not from the left has right of way on cross roads. Abiding by that convention is something that contributes to the realising of the value of road safety.
We shall begin our exploration of their responsibility by elaborating on the idea presented in the previous chapter that engineers do not exclusively design artefacts but also use plans. 2 ENGINEERS AS DESIGNERS OF ACTIONS If it is indeed true that engineers not only design artefacts but also use plans, then what are the implications for their responsibility? When engineers design use plans, they do not only come up with an artefact but also with a set of stipulated actions intended to achieve a certain goal.