By Marc J. de Vries, Marc J. Vries
Due to the fact global battle I, the Natuurkundig Laboratorium has been a vital middle of business study for Philips, one of many world’s biggest electronics businesses. during this learn, Marc J. de Vries demonstrates how the background of the laboratory may also help us comprehend vital alterations within the creation and makes use of of expertise within the 20th century. Breaking their learn into 3 classes, each one characterised by way of various learn pursuits and ways, the authors increase this normal historical past with particular case reviews. the outcome could be of price to someone learning the heritage and philosophy of know-how.
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Extra resources for 80 Years of Research at the Philips Natuurkundig Laboratorium (1914-1994): The Role of the Nat. Lab. at Philips
The idea was that documents would be scanned, the information transformed into an electrical signal, and this signal then transmitted just like radio signals. At the receiver end the information would be written onto a film. Like stereophony, the idea was realised technically,50 but the exploitation of the ‘fax’ would not come about until much later. The main obstacle for general acceptance probably was a lack of standards. A breakthrough came when in 1968 the United Nation’s International Telecommunications Union defined an international standard.
Lab. design, the ‘Sevenstar’, started being produced. Another improvement was the moving coil system (invented by Rice and Kellog in 1924), which was given the nickname ‘Meesterzanger’ (‘Master singer’). For this, contrary to what was common in those days, a permanent magnet was used namely an electromagnet. The success of these permanent magnets could be attributed to the materials research that had yielded a new type of steel, Ticonal. Lab. became active in the area of acoustic measurements. Lab.
Played a facilitating role. The laboratory was expected to determine the technological directions in which the company should go in order to extend its product range. Lab. afterwards claimed to have induced Anton Philips’ decision to turn Philips into a set-making company. At the same time Blanken emphasised the entrepreneurial attitude of Anton himself. Lab. was involved from an early stage in the development of the company’s product portfolio. To summarise, there was a strong growth in research that was related to the development of new products.